3.8.1: Diaphragm activity and lung volume -1
The diaphragm is an inspiratory muscle.
The red outlines show the lungs and the outer grey line shows the chest wall. The cavity inside the chest wall is the thoracic cavity. The diaphragm is at the bottom of the thoracic cavity. Red indicates that the diaphragm is contracting.
When the diaphragm contracts, the thoracic cavity increases in volume and inflates the lungs. This process is inspiration. The volume of gas inside the lungs is called 'lung volume'. With diaphragm contraction, the lung volume increases.
|lung volume (within one quiet respiratory cycle)||min||min→max||max|